新航道·9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3
  • 新航道·9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3

新航道·9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3

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品牌 : 京东图书 出版时间 : 2014-05-01 品牌属地 : 中国 出版社 : 商务印书馆国际有限公司 ISBN : 9787517600640 版次 : 1 页数 : 264 印刷时间 : 2014-05-01 包装 : 平装 著者 : 王毅,辜驰 用纸 : 轻型纸
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《新航道 9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3》优势及卖点:
2014年-2006年6套新阅读真题
与新题库原文一字不差!
与雅思真题题目一模一样!!
与官方标准答案完全一致!!!

内容简介

《新航道 9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3》共分为三大部分:
部分包括新6套雅思阅读真题,每套题共有三篇阅读文章;考生应对所有文章精读细读,达到完全理解的水平,因为每篇文章都有可能在考试中再次出现。
第二部分包括词汇详解、题目详解和参考译文三个版块的内容。词汇详解部分为文章及题目中出现的词汇提供了词性、准确的释义和其他拓展信息,既能帮助考生增加对真题的理解,又能扩充考生的词汇量。题目详解部分则对本书收录的每套题目进行了详细解析,不仅帮助考生彻底弄懂每套试题,同时也教给考生相应的解题方法和技巧。参考译文中的翻译准确流畅,考生对英语原文若有任何不理解之处,可利用参考译文帮助理解。
第三部分为6套雅思阅读真题的参考答案,可供考生进行自我检测。

作者简介

王毅,北京新航道学校雅思阅读与口语主讲,新航道英语测试研究中心主任,雅思高分全能班的开创者,美国博代尼大学硕士,中国大陆地区迄今为止雅思总分满分得主。自2002年以来一直活跃在雅思考试培训线,其倡导的PAVE英语教学法、雅思阅读六点论、雅思口语“万径归一”等多种培训方法为众多雅思考生所推崇。


辜驰,厦门新航道学校校长,雅思阅读、写作主讲,新托福写作主讲。厦门大学硕士,美国北卡罗来纳大学访问学者。监控雅思、托福考题题库十年专家,2000年开创厦门个雅思培训班,雅思8.5分得主,TOEFL、GRE考试几乎满分。长期从事出国留学考试、英文写作教学研究。

目录

Test1
Test2
Test3
Test4
Test5
Test6
真题解析
AnswerKeys

精彩书摘

READING PASSAGE 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based onReading Passage 1 below.
Classifying Societies
Although humans have established many types of societies throughout history, sociologists and anthropologists tend to classify different societies according to the degree to which different groups within a society have unequal access to advantages such as resources, prestige or power, and usually refer to four basic types of societies. From least to most socially complex they are clans, tribes, chiefdoms and states.
Clan
These are small-scale societies of hunters and gatherers, generally of fewer than 100 people, who move seasonally to exploit wild (undomesticated) food resources. Most surviving hunter-gatherer groups are of this kind, such as the Hadza of Tanzania or the San of southern Africa. Clan members are generally kinsfolk, related by descent or marriage. Clans lack formal leaders, so there are no marked economic differences or disparities in status among their members.
Because clans are composed of mobile groups of hunter-gatherers, their sites consist mainly of seasonally occupied camps, and other smaller and more specialised sites. Among the latter are kill or butchery sites—locations where large mammals are killed and sometimes butchered—and work sites, where tools are made or other specific activities carried out. The base camp of such a group may give evidence of rather insubstantial dwellings or temporary shelters, along with the debris of residential occupation.
Tribe
These are generally larger than mobile hunter-gatherer groups, but rarely number more than a few thousand, and their diet or subsistence is based largely on cultivated plants and domesticated animals. Typically, they are settled farmers, but they may be nomadic with a very different, mobile economy based on the intensive exploitation of livestock. These are generally multi-community societies, with the individual communities integrated into the larger society through kinship ties. Although some tribes have officials and even a “capital” or seat of government, such officials lack the economic base necessary for effective use of power.
The typical settlement pattern for tribes is one of settled agricultural homesteads or villages. Characteristically, no one settlement dominates any of the others in the region. Instead, the archaeologist finds evidence for isolated, permanently occupied houses or for permanent villages. Such villages may be made up of a collection of free-standing houses, like those of the first farms of the Danube valley in Europe. Or they may be clusters of buildings grouped together, for example, the pueblos of the American Southwest, and the early farming village or small town of ?atalh?yük in modern Turkey.
Chiefdom
These operate on the principle of ranking—differences in social status between people. Different lineages (a lineage is a group claiming descent from a common ancestor) are graded on a scale of prestige, and the senior lineage, and hence the society as a whole, is governed by a chief. Prestige and rank are determined by how closely related one is to the chief, and there is no true stratification into classes. The role of the chief is crucial.
Often, there is local specialisation in craft products, and surpluses of these and of foodstuffs are periodically paid as obligation to the chief. He uses these to maintain his retainers, and may use them for redistribution to his subjects. The chiefdom generally has a center of power, often with temples, residences of the chief and his retainers, and craft specialists. Chiefdoms vary greatly in size, but the range is generally between about 5000 and 20,000 persons.
Early State
These preserve many of the features of chiefdoms, but the ruler (perhaps a king or sometimes a queen) has explicit authority to establish laws and also to enforce them by the use of a standing army. Society no longer depends totally upon kin relationships: it is now stratified into different classes. Agricultural workers and the poorer urban dwellers form the lowest classes, with the craft specialists above, and the priests and kinsfolk of the ruler higher still. The functions of the ruler are often separated from those of the priest: palace is distinguished from temple. The society is viewed as a territory owned by the ruling lineage and populated by tenants who have an obligation to pay taxes. The central capital houses a bureaucratic administration of officials; one of their principal purposes is to collect revenue (often in the form of taxes and tolls) and distribute it to government, army and craft specialists. Many early states developed complex redistribution systems to support these essential services.
This rather simple social typology, set out by Elman Service and elaborated by William Sanders and Joseph Marino, can be criticised, and it should not be used unthinkingly. Nevertheless, if we are seeking to talk about early societies, we must use words and hence concepts to do so. Service’s categories provide a good framework to help organise our thoughts.
Questions 1-7
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1 There’s little economic difference between members of a clan.
2 The farmers of a tribe grow a wide range of plants.
3 One settlement is more important than any other settlements in a tribe.
4 A member’s status in a chiefdom is determined by how much land he owns.
5 There are people who craft goods in chiefdoms.
6 The king keeps the order of a state by using an army.
7 Bureaucratic officers receive higher salaries than other members.
Questions 8-13
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet.
8 What are made at the clan work sites?
9 What is the other way of life for tribes besides settled farming?
10 How are ?atalh?yük’s housing units arranged?
11 What does a chief give to his subjects as rewards besides crafted goods?
12 What is the largest possible population of a chiefdom?
13 Which group of people is at the bottom of an early state but higher than the farmers?
……

前言/序言

《9分达人系列》的出版绝非偶然。现今市面上不乏雅思阅读经典系列教材,其种类繁多,且均面临着同一个问题,即书中所收录的题目大多已过时,多数已被剑桥雅思考试委员会弃之不用,在今后的考试中也基本上不会再出现,因而这些图书远远无法满足广大考生对雅思考试最前沿信息的需求。基于上述情况,我们在对最新雅思真题精心研究和反复推敲后,结合自身经验,提笔创作了第一本《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原》。该书出版后不久便获得了广大考生的认可。不过,由于缺乏解析,该书没能为广大考生进一步解惑。众多读者在使用该教材时,纵使知道自己的答案有误,却也只知其然,而不知其所以然。因此,我们在考生和出版方的提议下为该书续写了一本解析,以满足考生对参考材料的需求,这就是现在为广大雅思考生所熟知的《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析》。真题与解析的完美结合更加贴合了雅思考生的需求,并受到广大考生读者的一致好评和热情推荐。2012年夏,《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析2》也经过辛勤创作与广大读者正式见面,并受到了“烤鸭”们的热烈追捧。
与时俱进、推陈出新是图书行业发展的必然要求,《9分达人系列》也理所当然地顺应了这一趋势。跟不上雅思考试的时代步伐,解决不了广大考生的最新难题,就无法真正实现服务于读者、服务于考生的终极目标和承诺。为此,我们投入了大量精力,细心筛选经典试题并加以还原、精心编著词汇和题目详解,并配以参考译文,最终创作出了迄今最新一代的《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3》。本书经过多番努力,现已正式出版,其中收录了最新的6套雅思阅读真题。《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3》不仅是我们的心血之作,更是考生进行考前冲刺复习、寻找考场体验、保持做题手感、训练解题方法和技巧、扩充核心阅读词汇、押中现场考题的宝典。
《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析3》有以下几大特色:
一、最新雅思阅读真题完整收录。
为了让考生在考前调整好心态,又不失适当的训练,本书收录了2014年-2006年6套完整的最新阅读真题。这6套阅读真题与《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析》和《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原及解析2》所收录的真题均不重合。考生可根据自己的实际情况选做其中的题目,然后再对照解析部分查漏补缺,巩固已有的知识和经验,加深对雅思考试考点的印象和理解。如此,考生既不会有太大的压力,又能持续保持考试状态和解题手感,让自己在第一时间把握主动权。
二、增加“词汇详解”版块。
本书在已有的“真题集”、“题目详解”和“参考译文”三个版块的基础上,又增添了“词汇详解”这一版块,为考生的词汇积累提供了极为丰富的素材。“词汇详解”中的词汇均来自对应阅读文章及题目,并按照词汇在原文及题目中的先后顺序进行排列,包含词性、释义、词源、词根词缀、“小故事”和其他拓展信息等。内容丰富多彩,读起来非常有趣,并不像单纯的词汇书那样枯燥乏味。如此一来,既有助于考生加深对文章的理解,又能够帮助考生扩充词汇量。
三、题目详解令人耳目一新;经验与技巧总结助考生事半功倍;参考译文让理解更加深刻。
首先,我们结合题目信息与原文信息,对每一道阅读题目进行了详细的讲解。内容清晰明了,细致到位,通俗易懂,让人豁然开朗。其次,解析中包含了经过反复的思量、推敲和总结的多年雅思考试经验,汇聚了最有效的解题思路、方法和技巧。相信考生在掌握好这些技巧与经验后会对考试的题型有一个更明确的概念,从而能够更好地应对现场考试。最后,我们还为每一篇阅读文章提供了精确的参考译文,以帮助考生加深理解。
四、押题宝典。
在考场中,幸运的考生或许会惊喜地发现:眼前的雅思阅读题竟然与《9分达人雅思阅读真题还原
及解析3》中的题目一模一样!若真是如此,那么请“烤鸭”们先按捺住内心的激动,细心地把题答完吧!
为广大考生提供优质的图书和服务是我们最真诚的愿望,考生和读者对我们的支持、鼓励和意见也将进一步促进和推动我们的进步与提高。为了时刻跟进考生的需求和对图书的反映,我们成立了新航道雅思读者互动QQ群(群号见封底)、新航道9分达人微博及9分达人微信(“9分达人”二维码见封面),诚邀广大雅思考生和英语爱好者的加盟。如果您想提高自己,那就不要犹豫了,加入我们的大家庭,与志同道合者一起交流畅谈吧!如果您对我们有任何意见或建议,也请不要忘记告诉我们哦!我们会悉心对待每一位读者的意见和提议,力求不断进步,为广大考生和读者编织美好的明天!
最后,我们衷心祝愿考生取得优异的成绩!

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