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新东方:剑桥雅思写作高分范文

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品牌 : 京东图书 出版时间 : 2014-10-01 品牌属地 : 中国 出版社 : 浙江教育出版社 语言 : 中文,英文 ISBN : 9787553618395 版次 : 1 页数 : 248 印刷时间 : 2014-10-01 包装 : 平装 著者 : 刘巍巍,方林 用纸 : 胶版纸
编辑推荐

●收集近十年雅思写作题目,并提供高分范文,全部写作话题一网打尽
●以雅思写作题目为出发点,从词汇、句型、篇章、思路四个方面全面提高考生写作能力,科学、专业、实用
●配备<特别提醒><词汇升级><句型升级><写作点拨><论据积累>五大复习指南,一站式解决雅思写作的破题、词汇、句型、篇章、思路五大难点
●书中范文均给出中文译文,并对每一道雅思写作题目从构思角度予以指导
●列举雅思写作考试常见话题的经典论据,帮助考生拓展思路,提高表达能力

内容简介

本书收集了近十年来在雅思A类和G类写作考试的Task 2中出现过的各类题材的议论文写作题, 并且为每道雅思题目提供了高质量的范文。除了范文之外, 每一道雅思题目的后面还附有单词注解、 汉语译文、 特别提醒、 相关题目、 写作点拨、 词汇升级、 句型升级、 论据积累等自学辅导栏目。考生在阅读本书之前, 请先了解各个自学辅导栏目的设置目的以及学习重点, 结合自身情况对这些内容进行取舍, 以提高学习效率、 取得最佳的复习效果。
1. 单词注释
这个栏目归纳整理了范文中出现的难度相对较高的词汇, 并附有音标和汉语释义。
如果考生的复习时间多于三个月, 请记忆这些单词
如果复习时间在三个月至一个月之间, 请选择性地记忆范文中出现的、 打算在考场里使用的单词
如果复习时间少于一个月, 请跳过这个栏目, 直接进入“词汇升级”环节
2. 汉语译文
这个栏目提供了范文的汉语译文。为了方便读者的理解, 大部分译文以直译为主, 因而部分语句会略显生涩, 望考生见谅。立志在雅思写作考试中夺取高分并且有较长复习时间的考生, 可以在精读完范文以后, 试着对照范文的汉语译文, 将文章再译成英文。用心比较自己的译文和范文在文字方面的不同, 可以让你的英语表达能力在短时间内有一个很大的提高。
3. 特别提醒
这个栏目将雅思写作中出现的题目按照题材进行了分类, 并且指出了各类题材在雅思考试中出现频率的高低。由于雅思写作试题重复使用的几率很高, 请考生特别留意那些在近几年的雅思写作考试中反复出现的热门题材。
4. 推荐指数
这个栏目用星号★标注了每道写作题目在将来的雅思考试中出现几率的高低, 最高推荐指数为五星。
5. 相关题目
这个栏目提供了与各道雅思写作题目类似的其他雅思写作题目在本书中的编号。这些题材类似的雅思题目, 组成了“相关写作题目组”, 方便考生复习。
如果考生的复习时间多于三个月, 请认真阅读“相关写作题目组”里的各篇范文, 并用心体会这些范文在构思和表达方面的异同
如果复习时间在三个月至一个月之间, 请在阅读了“相关写作题目组”里的各篇范文之后, 选择性地精读其中的一篇
如果复习时间少于一个月, 请直接从每组“相关写作题目组”里挑选一篇范文进行精读
6. 写作点拨

作者简介

刘巍巍,香港理工大学英文系博士,新东方教育科技集团资深教师。2005年、2006年、2007年“新东方教育科技集团优秀教师奖”得主。
20岁登上新东方讲台,曾被学生曾被学员称为“神童”教师,迄今面授过近十万学子。英文功底深厚,授课风格冷静、理智,以理性和实效著称。
曾多次主持和参加新东方新教师培训工作,多次赴海外参加国际学术交流活动,并在《羊城晚报》等主流媒体上发表雅思专题文章。

方林,资深英汉同声传译译员,毕业于上海外国语大学高级翻译学院,获翻译学硕士学位,并先后获得联合国、欧盟等国际机构认证的国际会议口译资格证,包括交替传译、同声传译两部分。
曾多次承担大型国际会议的同声传译工作,在同声传译、英汉笔译以及英语写作等领域有着丰富的教学和实战经验。
目录

1. In the past, people spent their entire lives doing one job. But nowadays, they change their jobs frequently. Please give the reasons and your suggestions. 2
2. What are the main tasks of universities: to offer students knowledge and skills essential for their future career, or to provide students with access to knowledge itself? What do you think university education should contain? 4
3. Should government pay for medical care and education? Why? 6
4. What is it in the mass media that has negative effects on teenagers and what measures should governments take to solve this problem? 8
5. Nowadays computers are widely used in education. As a result, some people think teachers no longer play important roles in classrooms. To what extend do you agree or disagree? 10
6. Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. Do you agree or disagree? 12
7. Some people think that children should learn to compete, but others think that children should be taught to co-operate so that they could become more useful adults. State some reasons for both views and give your opinion. 14
8. The culture of different countries are becoming increasingly similar, so there is no point for people to go traveling abroad for they could have the same experience at home. Do you agree or disagree? 16
9. Some people think that people will forget their own tradition and history because they no longer wear their traditional costumes. Do you agree or disagree? 18
10. Traditional food is undergoing great changes and being replaced by new diets. What do you think are the reasons and what do you think about this phenomenon? 20
11. Some people think the Olympic Games will no longer play an important role in the 21st century, and the 2004 game should be the last one. Do you agree or disagree? 22
12. In most parts of the world, the volume of traffic is growing at an alarming rate. Discuss the main traffic problems in your country, their causes and possible solutions. 24
13. The world of work is changing rapidly. People today no longer take one job for life. Discuss the causes of these changes. What suggestions would you make for young people to prepare themselves for the work in future? 26
14. As science and technology contribute most to the development of society, science students should get more financial support from government than students in other fields(eg. business, language, etc.). To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? 28
15. Nowadays people can use computers to talk, learn and communicate without leaving home. There is a danger that it will cause more isolation and a lack of communication among people. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? 30
16. Some people think that machine translation is highly developed in today’s society. Therefore it is not necessary for children to learn a foreign language. What’s your opinion? 32
17. Some people say that the age of books has passed; information can be accessed via videos, computers, television, films and so forth. Other people think books and written words will still be essential for information dissemination and education. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. 34
18. Television is dangerous because it destroys the family tie and community spirit. It is said by some that television absorbs so much of people’s time that they have no time to talk to each other. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give your opinion. 36
19. People who do not know how to use computer will become more and more disadvantaged. State the disadvantages and what action governments should take. 38
20. Scientific and technological advances bring benefits to our daily life. However, most scientists are no longer able to find the solutions to the problems they have created. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 40
21. Intelligent robots will be more widely used in the future. Is this a blessing or a curse? What is your opinion? 42
22. The reason why some families don’t buy television set is that the parents want their children to spend more time on creative thinking or even inventions. Agree or disagree? 44
23. Newspaper, radio, television and computer each has its merits and drawbacks. What is the most efficient means of acquiring information? Give your reasons. 46
24. Some people think science contributes more to the society; others believe subjects such as language or business make a bigger contribution. What’s your opinion? 48
25. Modern technology has greatly influenced people’s ways of entertainment, making people less creative. Do you agree or disagree? 50
26. Some parents maintain that co-education is better for their children while others believe it is better if boys and girls go to single-sex school. Discuss. 52
27. Many schools are troubled by students’ behavioral problems. What are the causes? What solutions do you recommend? 54
28. Should the teacher in physical education class encourage the students to be more competitive or urge them to cooperate with one another? What is your opinion? 56
29. Which is a better place for the aged, home or nursing home? 58
30. It is said that life is becoming increasingly stressful for most people. What is the reason of this phenomenon and how could this problem be solved? 60
31. Happiness is considered important by all people. Why is it hard to define happiness? What are the factors that are necessary to achieve happiness? 62
32. Advertising adversely affects young people, so it should be strictly limited. Do you agree or not? 64
33. More and more women go out to work. Hence, it is the governments’ responsibility to provide daycare service for the children of working mother, free of charge. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 66
34. Is it fair that sports professionals earn much more money than people in other important professions? Give reasons for both sides of the argument and your opinion. 68
35. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of people traveling abroad to work for a certain period of time. 70
36. Waste disposal presents increasing problems, especially in urban areas. What do you think are the causes? Give some suggestion to the government and individuals on how to reduce the amount of rubbish. 72
37. Statistics show that cities are increasing in size. What do you think are the causes and possible consequences? 74
38. There are more and more cars in cities. Hence, pedestrians and cyclists are endangered by heavy traffic. Gardens and streets give way to car parks and highways. How can city planners satisfy all people’s needs? 76
39. Many people think that countries have a moral obligation to help each other, while others argue that the aid money is misspent by the governments that receive it, so international aid should not be given to the poor countries. Discuss. 78
40. Creative artists should be given the freedom to express their ideas (through words, pictures, music or films). However, some people think government should impose certain restrictions on them. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 80
41. Most countries spend large amount of money on weapons to defend themselves though they are not at war. Some believe those countries should spend the money to help poor countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? 82
42. How to measure a country’s success? Some say it depends on the quality of citizens’ life, but others say it means a prosperous economy. What’s your opinion? 84
43. Education is of vital importance to individual development and social progress. What should education consist of in order to fulfill both ends? 86
44. It is right that college graduates earn higher salaries than the less well-educated in the community. But they should also pay the full cost of their study. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? 88
45. Some people say that the positive effects of advertising outweigh its negative effects. Do you agree or disagree? 90
46. Many people are afraid of leaving their house because of crime. Some think more actions should be taken to prevent crime, but others think little can be done. What is your view? 92
47. Many people believe that subjects such as music or sports are not useful. Thus school should concentrate on subjects that offer better career prospect. What is your opinion? 94
48. Each year some languages die out. Some say this is good because fewer languages would make communication easier and relieve people of the burden of learning foreign languages. Do you agree or disagree? 96
49. Is distant learning as effective as school education? 98
50. Some say that children should obey their parents and teachers, while others believe that too much control will not help to prepare children for their adult life. Discuss both sides of the views. 100
51. Some think we can acquire knowledge from news reports. Others believe we cannot trust journalists. What do you think? What important qualities should a journalist have? 102
52. Each year, crime committed by young people is on the rise. What are the reasons? Suggest some solutions. 104
53. Some people think that traditional culture is being damaged as it is used as a tool to make money in the tourism industry. Others think it is the only way to preserve and protect culture and tradition. Discuss and state your opinion. 106
54. Some think students can learn more effectively in groups, while others think they should study alone. What are the benefits of each method? Which one do you think is more effective? 108
55. People are now able to perform everyday tasks such as shopping, banking and business transactions without meeting others face to face. What are the effects on both the individual and the society? 110
56. The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to reduce the amount of violent crimes in the society. Do you agree or disagree? 112
57. Children are currently having extra classes after normal lessons. What are the positive and negative effects? What is your opinion? 114
58. Young children should stay in kindergartens or nursery schools so that their mothers can return to work earlier. Do you agree? 116
59. People now spend much time and money on their appearance and pay more attention to their dressing. Give reasons and your opinion on this. 118
60. Many people believe that we have developed into a‘throw-away society’ which is filled with plastic bags and rubbish. Do you agree or disagree? 120
61. Some people agree that all kinds of jobs should be equally open to men and women. Others think that some jobs should only be suitable for men and women respectively. Discuss and give your opinion. 122
62. Nowadays college students or even high school students start to work at a younger age. Do you think that it is a positive or negative development? 124
63. Some people think that bicycle is the best way to travel from place to place. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the bicycle. 126
64. Modern technology gives people more free time, but actually they are busier than before. Do you agree or disagree? 128
65. Many people think that education is losing its value. Do you agree or disagree? 130
66. Shopping has become a favorite pastime for some young people. Do we need to encourage the young to do something more useful in their free time? What is your opinion? 132
67. Is it necessary to forbid smoking? State your opinion and reasons. 134
68. Education used to be a period of schooling. But now people regard it as a lifelong process. Do you agree or disagree? 136
69. People have different hobbies such as collecting stamps or wood carving. Why are hobbies important to us? How can we benefit from having hobbies? 138
70. What are the advantages of marrying at an early and old age respectively? 140
71. Should people doing different jobs have holidays at different time of the year? What is your opinion? 142
72. Some people like to risk their lives in some dangerous sports such as mountain climbing. Some say rescuers need not risk their own lives to save those trapped on mountain peaks and that people should be responsible for their own lives. What is your opinion? 144
73. Radio will be replaced by other forms of mass media such as TV or the Internet. Do you agree or disagree? 146
74. What are the problems for people living and working in the countryside? What should the government do to solve them? 148
75. Some people say that we should not encourage sports games among schools because they lead to competition rather than cooperation. To what extent do you agree with it? 150
76. Some people regard animals as pets while others see them as a source of food and clothing. What is your opinion? 152
77. Some people believe that damage to the environment is an inevitable consequence of the improvement of living standards. What is your opinion? 154
78. The spread of English and growth of international tourism have some negative effects on countries’ languages and traditional culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 156
79. Traditional art is a sign of civilization. Do you think government should subsidize musicians, painters, actors or opera companies? What should the government do? 158
80. Many people think that painting and music do not directly improve the quality of people. Therefore, government should not spend too much money on artistic projects. Do you agree or disagree? 160
81. Today, many students take the course International News in secondary school. Some say it is a waste of time. Discuss and state your opinion. 162
82. If you have enough money, will you use it to buy a house or to start a business? 164
83. It is better to be a member of a group than to be the leader of a group. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Give your reasons. 166
84. Some people say that children should spend their leisure time on educational activities. Some people believe it is dangerous to put too much pressure on children. What is your opinion? 168
85. Some people think that in order to improve the quality of education, high school students should be encouraged to evaluate and criticize their teachers, but other people maintain that such evaluation and criticism may cause loss of respect for teachers and discipline. What do you think? 170
86. Choosing a suitable career is a problem that faces many young people. What are the reasons? What suggestion would you give to them to help them make the right decision? 172
87. Many parents use punishment to teach their kids the differences between right and wrong. They think punishment is necessary in helping them learn the distinction. To what extent do you agree or disagree with these parents? What kind of punishments would you recommend? 174
88. Some people say that telling the truth is not always essential, and that it is necessary to tell lies sometimes. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give specific reasons to support your ideas. 176
89. Some say that students with similar academic abilities should be put in one class. Others believe a class should include students with different academic performances. Discuss. 178
90. Some say it is impossible for a woman to work full-time and remain a good mother. So they should be paid by the government to stay at home to raise the children. What is your opinion? 180
91. Your character is strongly influenced by the place where you grew up. In what ways can growing up in a city or in the countryside influence one’s character? Please give your view. 182
92. Many people believe that women make better parents than men and that is why they have greater role in raising children in most societies. Others claim that men are just as good as women at parenting. State your point of view. 184
93. There are lots of difficulties for the new students on the first day in a high school or college because they feel lonely. What are the difficulties they may face on the first day? What can the school or college do to solve these problems? 186
94. Some people think that their children’s life will be different from their own. What is your opinion? 188
95. Today some people have to work away from their family. What are the advantages and disadvantages? 190
96. Foods are produced more cheaply today by using improved fertilizers and machinery. However, some of the methods used in agriculture are dangerous to human health and local communities. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view? 192
97. Many old buildings are protected by law because they are part of a nation’s history. However, some people think they should be knocked down to make way for new ones because people need houses and offices. How important is it to maintain old buildings? Should history stand in the way of progress? 194
98. The mass media, including television, radio and newspapers, have great influence in shaping people’s ideas. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer. 196
99. Surveillance cameras are now installed in many shops and supermarkets to prevent shoplifting. But many people are against this because they think it is a disregard of privacy. What are your views about this? 198
100. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree? Why or why not? Use specific reasons to explain your view. 200
101. If a five-year old commits a crime, should his/her parents take the responsibility and how should the parents be punished? What should be the age of a child when parents no longer take the responsibility for his or her behavior? 202
102. Participating in a sport is as important for psychological health and social development as it is for physical conditions. What is your opinion? 204
103. The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. Give reasons for your answer. 206
104. Are famous people treated unfairly by the media? Should they be given more privacy, or is the price of their fame an invasion into their private lives? 208
105. Some countries allow women to join the armed forces, while some others think that armed forces such as navy or army don’t suit women. Do you agree or disagree? 210
106. Many people think it’s wrong to lock animals up in zoos because it is cruel and serves little purpose. But others think that the animals in zoos can bring happiness to people, especially the kids. What is your opinion? 212
107. Nowadays doctors can become very rich. Maybe they should not focus on profitable activities such as plastic surgery or looking after rich patients but concentrate more on all patients’ health, no matter how rich they are. Give your view. 214
108. Should criminals be punished with lengthy jail terms or re-educated and rehabilitated, using community service programs for instance, before being reintroduced to society? 216
109. Many schools demand that the students should wear uniform. Some people think that such a practice undermines students’ personality and individuality. What do you think? 218
110. Thanks to modern technology, people are living a longer life. Is it a good thing or a bad one? State your opinion. 220
111. What are the advantages and disadvantages of getting married with a foreigner? 222
112. Are women suitable to become police officers? Give your reasons and examples. 224
113. Some people think that it is the responsibility of the government to ensure that people in the country have healthy lifestyles. Other people believe that individuals should be free to decide their own lifestyles. Please give your own opinion. 226
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