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Jingdong book

风格的要素(中英对照):简明英语写作圣经

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Editer Recommend

美国百所名校课堂推荐的经典必读书

美国网上书店、《纽约时报》、《华尔街日报》英语类畅销书

没有哪本书能像这本经久不衰的小书一样以如此简短的篇幅带给写作者如此大的帮助。

它可以告诉你,怎样写出简洁有力、生动活泼、规范地道的英语文章,避免苍白无力、啰嗦冗长、句意模糊。

在掌握基本规则的基础上,再通过阅读“简洁大师”海明威的代表作《老人与海》(英文版)来进一步探寻英语写作风格的奥秘吧!


Content Description

《风格的要素》被奉为“英语写作圣经”。初为常春藤盟校康奈尔大学英语写作教材,现在美国学生人手一本。此书以简短的篇幅阐明了形成简明英语写作风格所必备的基本要素。斯特伦克教授认为,简洁即真理,好的英语写作应删繁就简、字字玑珠。书中的许多规则早已成为评判英文写作规范与否的基本准则。虽问世近百年,其参考价值丝毫未损,成为今天英语写作课程教辅书、雅思/托福/GRE考试指定参考书、出国留学必备书以及论文/商务写作指导手册。


Author Description

[美] 威廉·斯特伦克(William Strunk)

著名的康奈尔大学英语系教授,英语语法和写作文法方面的专家。其1918年所著的《风格的要素》被奉为“英语写作圣经”,经久不衰。


Catalogue

目 录

第一章前 言 / 1

第二章英语用法的基本规则 / 5

规则1. 单数名词词尾加's 构成名词所有格 / 6

规则2. 三个或三个以上的并列项之间,除最后两个用连词连接外,其余均须

用逗号隔开 / 7

规则3. 插入语前后有逗号分开 / 8

规则4. 在引导一并列分句的连词前加逗号 / 13

规则5. 勿用逗号连接独立分句 / 16

规则6. 勿将句子一分为二 / 20

规则7. 位于句首的分词短语的逻辑主语须与该句语法上的主语一致 / 21

第三章英语写作的基本原则 / 25

规则8. 篇章要以段落为单位:一段一主题 / 26

规则9. 通常,以一个主题句来开始一个段落,并在结尾处首尾呼应 / 29

规则10. 使用主动语态 / 35

规则11. 用肯定形式来陈述 / 40

规则12. 使用清晰、明确、具体的语言 / 42

规则13. 删掉不必要的词 / 47

规则14. 避免连续使用松散句 / 52

规则15. 用相似的形式表达并列的意思 / 54

规则16. 将相关词放在一起 / 57

规则17. 在概述中,坚持用一种时态 / 62

规则18. 将需要强调的词置于句末 / 64

第四章书写格式方面的几点注意事项 / 69

第五章常被误用的词语和表达方式 / 79

第六章拼 写 / 111

第七章第二章和第三章的练习 / 117


Book Abstract

第一章 前言

本书旨在简短扼要地阐明形成简明英语写作风格所必须遵循的基本要求,通过强调一些写作要点,并着重指出在英语写作过程中最常犯的用法规范和原则方面的错误(见第二三章),使得教师轻松教、学生轻松学。 有鉴于此,本书并没有长篇大论,而是仅列出了逗号使用的三条规则和分号使用的一条规则,相信这四条规则已涵盖了大部分句内标点符号的用法规范。同样地,在第三章中,本书仅给出了一些最适用的句子和段落的写作原则。因此,本书仅涵盖了英语写作风格方面的一小部分内容。作者的经验是,在掌握了这些基本要素之后,再针对个体写作过程中出现的问题进行一对一指导,才能使学生受益最多。另外,每位教师都有一套自己的写作理论,比起任一教科书上推荐的,更推崇自己的。

为方便校正书稿,书中的章节进行了排序。

在撰写本书时,作者在康奈尔大学英语系的同事们给予了他很多帮助。乔治·麦克莱恩·伍德(George McLane Wood)先生慷慨地将其所著的《给作者们的建议》(Suggestions to Authors)一书中的部分内容收录进本书的规则10中。

下面推荐一些书籍作为参考或进一步学习之用:

关于第二章和第四章的内容,请参考:

F. Howard Collins, Author and Printer (Henry Frowde);

Chicago University Press, Manual of Style ;

T. L. De Vinne, Correct Composition (The Century Company);

Horace Hart, Rules for Compositors and Printers (Oxford University Press);

George McLane Wood, Extracts from the Style-Book of the Government Printing Office (United States Geological Survey);

关于第三章和第五章的内容,请参考:

The King's English (Oxford University Press);

Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, The Art of Writing (Putnam), especially the chapter, Interlude on Jargon;

George McLane Wood, Suggestions to Authors (United States Geological Survey);

John Lesslie Hall, English Usage (Scott, Foresman and Co.);

James P. Kelley, Workmanship in Words (Little, Brown and Co.)

这些书充分探讨了本书中简要提及的一些要点,还提供了丰富的例证,可作为本书的补充内容。

长久以来,人们认为最优秀的作家有时会无视修辞规则。然而,当作家这样做时,读者往往会发现因其笔下的句子不合规范反而有了某些精彩之处。但除非作家对此信心十足,否则还是遵守规则为好。在学好这些规则并在其指导下能进行日常中的简明英语写作之后,再通过阅读文学大师们的作品来进一步探索英语写作风格的奥秘。

第二章 英语用法的基本规则

规则1. 单数名词词尾加's构成名词所有格

单数名词词尾是辅音字母时,遵守本规则。例如:

Charles's friend

查尔斯的朋友

Burns's poems

彭斯的诗歌

the witch's malice

巫婆的邪恶计谋


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