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Jingdong book

关节疼痛怎么办

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关节疼痛怎么办

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Content Description

《关节疼痛怎么办》简要介绍了关节疼痛的种类、疼痛特点、病因、病理、临床表现、诊断及影像检查、实验室检查等基础知识,详细介绍了骨性关节炎、腰椎退行性病变、风湿性关节炎、类风湿关节炎、强直性脊柱炎、痛风性关节炎的药物治疗及调理方法。其内容科学实用,深入浅出,适合全科医师,骨关节疼痛患者及大众阅读。
Catalogue

一、人体关节的构成、功能及特点
1.滑膜关节的构成、功能及生理意义
2.脊柱的组成和运动形式
3.椎间盘的结构和功能
4.肩关节的构成、结构特点及运动形式
5.肘关节的构成、结构特点及运动形式
6.桡腕关节的构成、结构特点及运动形式
7.腕关节的构成、结构特点及运动形式
8.骨盆的构成
9.坐骨大孔和坐骨小孔的构成
10.骶髂关节的构成和结构特点
11.髋关节的构成、结构特点及运动形式
12.膝关节的构成、结构特点、运动形式及功能
13.踝关节的构成、结构特点及运动形式
二、骨关节疾病的种类及疼痛特点
1.骨关节疾病的种类
2.生活中常见关节疼痛的病因
3.常见膝关节疾病疼痛的特点
4.常见肩关节疼痛的疾病及其特点
5.肘关节疼痛常见疾病的鉴别
6.腕与手部常见的疼痛表现
7.全身骨关节疼痛常伴随的症状
三、骨关节疾病的影像学检查和实验室检查
1.X线检查
2.CT检查
3.MRI检查
4.ECT检查
5.骨关节疾病的实验室检查
四、骨关节疼痛的诊断
1.骨关节疼痛的病史采集需要注意的信息
2.颈椎病体格检查方法
3.颈椎结核体格检查方法
4.胸廓出口综合征体格检查方法
5.肩关节疾病体格检查方法
6.肱二头肌长头腱腱鞘炎体格检查方法
7.肘关节骨折或脱位体格检查方法
8.肱骨外上髁炎体格检查方法
9.肱骨内上髁炎体格检查方法
10.桡骨下端骨折移位体格检查方法
11.腕管综合征体格检查方法
12.月骨无菌性坏死体格检查方法
13.髋部疾病体格检查方法
14.骨关节病患者早期自觉症状
15.脊柱骨关节病的表现
16.区别脊柱骨关节病与强直性脊柱炎
17.脊柱骨关节病在X线片上的表现
18.老年人脊柱退行性骨关节病早期症状
19.肩关节骨关节病在X线片上的表现
20.肘关节骨关节病在X线片上的表现
21.指间关节骨关节病的表现
22.手指骨关节病在X线片上的表现
23.髋关节骨关节病的表现
24.髋关节退行性骨关节病在X线片上的表现
25.膝关节骨关节病的表现
26.骶髂关节退行性骨关节病在X线片上的表现
27.骨关节病与类风湿关节炎的区别
28.骨关节疾病实验室检查
29.关节镜检查
30.临床中膝关节疼痛的影像学检查
五、骨关节疾病常用的治疗药物
1.跌打损伤相关治疗药物
2.缓解肩周炎症状相关药物
3.治疗风湿性关节炎相关药物
4.治疗颈椎病药物
5.治疗类风湿关节炎药物
6.治疗腰肌劳损药物
7.治疗滑膜炎药物
六、骨关节炎的物理治疗
1.骨关节炎的物理治疗目的和方法
2.骨关节炎的高频电疗法
3.中、低频电疗治疗范围
4.电磁疗的作用机制与治疗方法
5.体外冲击波在骨修复重建中的作用
6.骨关节的温热疗法
七、骨关节炎的运动疗法
1.关节炎锻炼的目的与锻炼的原则
2.关节锻炼的形式
3.骨关节炎的力量训练
4.关节的主动和被动运动训练
5.肌力强化运动的方法
6.肌力强化运动注意事项
7.有氧运动的定义和意义
8.不同运动疗法的治疗效果
9.手腕关节的锻炼运动
10.头颈部运动锻炼形式
11.肩部运动
12.髋部运动
13.脊柱锻炼
14.膝关节锻炼
15.踝关节锻炼
16.俯背运动
17.辅助深呼吸锻炼
18.关节锻炼的注意事项
八、膝关节骨性关节炎
1.什么是膝关节骨性关节炎
2.膝关节骨性关节炎的相关知识
3.骨性关节炎的诊断
4.膝关节骨性关节炎非药物治疗
5.膝关节骨性关节炎的药物治疗
6.膝关节骨性关节炎微创手术治疗
7.人工膝关节
8.膝关节骨性关节炎的锻炼方法
9.膝关节骨性关节炎的预防
九、腰椎退行性疾病
1.腰椎退行性病变所包括的内容
2.导致腰椎退变的因素有哪些
3.腰椎退行性变的临床表现
4.退行性脊柱侧凸
5.退行性脊柱滑脱
6.椎间盘源性腰痛
7.腰椎退行性病变常见的药物疗法
8.腰椎退行性变常见的物理疗法
9.腰椎退行性疾病的预防
10.腰椎退行性疾病预防性的自我按摩
11.腰椎退行性疾病康复期锻炼方法
12.预防晨起腰痛的方法
13.腰痛患者生活中注意事项
十、风湿性关节炎
十一、类风湿关节炎
十二、强直性脊柱炎
十三、痛风性关节炎
Book Abstract

《关节疼痛怎么办》:
④类风湿因子检查过程。测定IgG、IgA、IgM类RF通常用ELISA间接法,即用热凝集兔IgG包被反应板微孔,加入检样后,再分别加抗人IgG、IgA、IgM酶标记抗体,使反应后再与底物呈色。为防止各Ig类别RF相互干扰,酶标记抗体使用标记的抗体F(ab)2片段。
(6)HLA—B27检查:HLA是3个英语单词的大写字头,H代表人(Human),L代表白细胞(Leukocyte),A代表抗原(Antigen),即人类白细胞抗原(以下简写为HLA)。HLA是组织细胞上受遗传控制的个体特异性抗原,最早是在白细胞和血小板上发现的,现在发现该抗原广泛分布于皮肤、肾、脾、肺、肠和心等组织器官有核细胞的细胞膜上。第八次国际组织相容性会议确定HLA有92个,分属于A、B、C、D和DR5个位点,分别称为HLA—A,HLA—B,HLA—C,HLA—D和HLA—DR。HLA—B位点有42个,B27为其中之一。现已证明HLA—B27阳性者比HLA—B27阴性者发生强直性脊柱炎的机会要大得多。但各国报道强直性脊柱炎患者的HLA—B27的阳性率差别较大,个别报告低的为22%,多数为90%,也有高达100%的。这些数据从另一方面表明,在强直性脊柱炎患者中有10%~78%的患者,不具有HLA—B27,即为HLA—B27阴性者,他们也患有强直性脊柱炎,这说明HLA—B27与强直性脊柱炎并非绝对相关。
……

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